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Axe head

These two sharp-edged stones are called axe heads and are attached to wooden handles. Among other things, they are used to fell trees and work wood to build houses, for example. They can also be used as weapons or as scrapers for preparing leather.

The manufacture of stone objects is time-consuming and requires a great deal of effort. To make an axe head, a sturdy, not brittle stone is first collected. It is then roughly knapped with another stone to give it its shape, polished with an abrasive stone to refine its cutting edge, and finally hafted (attached to a handle). Many axe heads feature a groove in the stone, probably to facilitate hafting.


Date: Before the 16th century

Owners: Parc national du Lac-Témiscouata. Saint-Michel-du-Squatec;

Vieux moulin—Hydromellerie et miellerie. “Musée de la Neufve-France” private collection. Sainte-Flavie.

Origin: Témiscouata and unknown


Pointe-à-Callière, cité d’archéologie et d’histoire de Montréal. (n.d.). Hache [Axe]. ARCHÉOLAB.QUÉBEC. Retrieved September 22, 2022, from https://www.archeolab.quebec/recherche/objet/231560

Laberge, M. (1996). Création d’une nouvelle iconographie sur les algonquiens du Nord-Est de l’Amérique à partir de données ethno-historiques datant d’avant 1760 [The creation of a new iconography of the Algonquians of North-East America using pre-1760 ethno-historical data] [Doctoral dissertation, Université Laval]. CorpusUL. https://corpus.ulaval.ca/bitstreams/ad9a212e-0edb-496f-abf3-1ab25c05f6b3/download

Illustration: Axe head